EVALUATING SERVICE OPTIMIZATION PROBLEM OF DEVOLVED
ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS IN KENYA USING GIS BASED TECHNIQUES.
|Volume||JASETD Volume 2 Issue 1 2017|
|Authors||KINOTI, D. K.|
|Article Type||Research article|
|First Published||June 2017 |
Devolution paved way for inclusive public governance in Kenya leading to creation of new
administrative regions. This was meant to provide equal opportunities and benefits for the rural
area inhabitants. However, the design and spatial organisation of these regions limits access to
services and public participation. Using some newly created administrative regions, this study
sought to find an alternative way of restructuring the current administrative units to address
issues of non-inclusivity by including demographic and spatial characteristics for each unit. The
objective of the study was to minimize distance and population distribution variations.
Methodology used was based on the concept of regionalization and Origin-Destination Problem
Cost matrix spatial algorithm. The model produced improved regions as new seats with reduced
distances and their distribution based on optimum distances. Use of GIS based techniques
enhanced visualisation and the development of various simulation scenarios which were used in
comparative evaluation of optimization problem. The study showed a need to restructure the
current administrative ward regions through merging and agglomeration to get possible
regional population uniformity and minimum impedances.